Veraguas was explored by Christopher Columbus on his fourth voyage. He tried to establish the first colony in the new Spanish mainland but failed due to attacks from native Indians. Diego de Nicuesa also tried to make a colony and failed, which made him create a colony to fight against the Indians called Nombre de Dios. Its capital, Santiago de Veraguas, was founded about 1636.
It is said that its name comes from the indigenous word "Veracua" or "Viragua", though other theories abound. It is the only province in Panama with coastlines on both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean he majority of people live on the Pacific side; the Caribbean coast is mostly uninhabited.
Veraguas has many groups of inhabitants, mainly of Spanish-Indian origin namedcampesinos. This land offers tourists and visitors close contact with nature. Forests, mountains, coasts, and islands where there are more than 200 varieties oforchids; more than 400 species of birds, in addition to mammals, reptiles, and insects.
Veraguas has various national parks. TheCoibaNational Park, (with the largestcoral reefof the Pacific Coast of America), Cerro Hoya National Park (covers the southwest part of the Azuero Peninsula and the sea that surrounds it), Santa Fe National Park (a forest in the northern region), La Yeguada Forest reserve (with a great artificial lake for the production of electricity)and El Montuoso Forest reserve.
Beaches such as Playa Santa Catalina, Playa Mariato, Malena, and Torio offer great places for recreation,surfing, andfishing. Other famous touristic areas is theIglesia de San Francisco de la Montaña. This church has aBaroque architectureand dates back to 1727. It was declared a National Historical Monument on January 27, 1937.